Asia is the world's largest load center with abundant renewable energy resources. In the future, intracontinental interconnected grids will be built with the continent's large renewable energy bases at the sending end, and connected to various major load centers to receive electricity flows from the Arctic and equatorial regions across different continents and countries.
To realize low-carbon, sustainable development of energy in Asia, some countries have put forward the concept of "Asian super grid" in which the coal-fired power plants, hydropower stations, wind farms, and solar farms in Northeast Asia will be connected with the load centers in China, Japan, and South Korea. To meet ever-higher targets of low-carbon energy development, Asia must cut down on fossil energy consumption and step up renewable energy development in the future. At the sending end of power through interconnected grids, Asia's major renewable energy bases have undergone more rapid expansion. They include the wind and solar energy bases in Mongolia, the hydropower stations in the Russian far east and Siberia, the wind and solar energy bases in Central Asia, the wind power bases in Northwest China, Northeast China, and North China, the solar energy bases in Northwest China, the wind power bases in the Bering Strait and Sakhalin, and the solar and wind power bases in India. Judging by the distribution of load centers in Asia, Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia, and India will become home to Asia's major load centers, given these regions' large populations and well-developed industries. Judging by the development and interconnection of renewable energy bases, large hydropower bases will be built in Southwest China, Russian Siberia, and the Russian Far East to transmit power to the load centers in China; large wind power bases will be built in Northeast China, Northwest China, North China, Mongolia, and the Russian far east to deliver electricity to the load centers in Northeast Asia. large solar energy bases will be built in Northwest China, Tibet and Mongolia to deliver power to the load centers in Central and Eastern China and Northeastern Asia. Hydro, wind, and solar energy generated in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan) will be "bundled," scheduled and transmitted flexibly according to load changes in and time differences between Asia and Europe.
Judging by the consumption of electricity delivered from the Arctic and equatorial regions, the wind power from the Arctic in North Asia will be transmitted primarily to Northeast Asia (East China, Siberia, the Russian far east, Japan, and South Korea) to be utilized and consumed together with the wind, solar, and hydropower generated in Northeast Asia. Solar energy generated in the equatorial regions of the Middle East will be delivered to India for consumption. The solar power generated in the equatorial regions of Australia will be exported to Southeast Asia to be utilized and consumed together with locally-generated hydropower.
On the whole, Asia's grid interconnections will give birth to a number of major regional power grids, including Central Asia, Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, and the Middle East, and further to a network of interconnections linking up the different regions, as illustrated in figure.